Corticosteroids are a type of hormone that naturally occurs in the body’s adrenal glands, but they can also be synthetically produced in a lab. Both can be used medicinally to treat a number of health issues, including arthritis and inflammation caused by soft tissue injuries.
Corticosteroids are divided into two chemical groups:
Mineralocorticoids keep the kidneys’ water and electrolyte balance in check. Aldosterone is a mineralocorticoid that occurs naturally. A synthetic form of the hormone is fludrocortisone (Florinef).
These two classes of steroids-usa are used to treat a variety of health issues, including allergies (skin reactions, respiratory reactions, and anaphylaxis), endocrine problems, gastrointestinal issues, rheumatological diseases, certain autoimmune diseases like lupus, eye problems, injury inflammation, and more.
Pharmaceutical corticosteroids are available in a variety of forms, including:
Anti-inflammatory characteristics of injectable corticosteroids are commonly employed in orthopedics. An orthopedist may recommend one or more injections to the joint or injury site to reduce swelling, inflammation, or pain in some severe disorders, such as arthritis or a bulging disc.
In general, this course of treatment is administered with caution; excessive or frequent use of injectable corticosteroids might result in side effects (see “Risks” below).
Injections of cortisol or hydrocortisone may be beneficial for the following conditions:
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that affects the joints (OA). One of the most common uses of corticosteroids in orthopedics is the treatment of OA. Pain and inflammation in the joints are frequent when cartilage wears away. The injection of a corticosteroid into the afflicted area may provide temporary relief from these symptoms. The treatment’s purpose is to reduce discomfort and restore function. Depending on the severity of the sickness, pain alleviation may last several weeks or months. Because corticosteroids have a lot of side effects, persons with OA should see their doctors about other, long-term symptom management options.
Back pain in the lower back Spinal stenosis (a compression of the gaps in the spine), pinched nerves, and ruptured discs can all benefit from injectable corticosteroids. For long-term pain and symptom management, further forms of therapy or surgery may be recommended, especially if the symptoms are caused by disc degeneration caused by osteoporosis or OA. (Spinal fusion surgery may be recommended in some circumstances.)
Neck ache (cervical radiculopathy). A pinched nerve in the neck vertebrae can cause discomfort to radiate across the neck, shoulder, arm, and even hands. A compression of the vertebrae, a bulging disc, or a ruptured disc can all produce this pinching. While the damage heals, a corticosteroid injection can help reduce swelling. Other forms of therapy or surgery may be worth discussing with a doctor if disc degeneration is caused by osteoporosis or OA.
Tendonitis. This inflammatory illness can cause discomfort and edema in the tendons and soft tissues as a result of overuse or recurrent strain. Tendonitis affects the elbow (tennis elbow), shoulders, knees, and wrists in particular. Injections can help with severe or incapacitating pain.
Corticosteroid treatment for inflammatory musculoskeletal diseases has a number of distinct advantages. These are some of them:
When symptoms are incapacitating — for example, if your Achilles tendonitis makes it impossible to walk or your tennis elbow makes it impossible to write, type, use the phone, or hold a fork — a cortisone injection may provide relief from an intolerable level of pain and swelling for long enough to keep you comfortable while your body heals.
There is, however, a disadvantage. This type of drug can’t be used indefinitely to treat chronic or recurring pain and swelling. A second dose may not be necessary if symptoms reappear after a few weeks. Orthopedists commonly limit the use of these injectables to 3 to 4 doses per year to minimize harmful side effects.
Though corticosteroids in small doses can help relieve pain and inflammation, they do come with hazards.
They’re harmful if taken too frequently or in big amounts for the same reason they work so well in reducing pain and inflammation.
Corticosteroids stop immune system “overreactions” that cause pain and swelling by suppressing the immune system and the production of white blood cells. However, keep in mind that inflammation and histamine reactions to allergens are also natural defense mechanisms against infections and other immune system assaults. Even pain has a purpose: it urges you to take it easy and relax.
Suppressing the body’s natural ability to accomplish what it’s supposed to do can do more harm. Remember that corticosteroids are not intended to be used as a long-term treatment for tissue injuries.
The following are some of the potential side effects of treatment:
Steroid use for a long time might cause cataracts, high blood pressure, stomach ulcers, and osteoporosis, among other things. Some side effects, including as weight gain, acne, and diabetes, are common with long-term oral steroid use, but not with periodic injectable therapies.
The good news is that injecting steroids only once or twice a year is unlikely to cause major negative effects. Even so, it’s a good idea to chat to your doctor about any pre-existing illnesses you may have and how the injection might affect them before having a shot.
Injectable corticosteroids can help reduce inflammation and discomfort in inflammatory disorders like arthritis, muscular strains, tendonitis, bursitis, and pinched nerves. They have a high effectiveness rate and can provide relief faster than NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines).
This type of therapy, however, is not without hazards. Though pain alleviation is sometimes lasting, the symptoms may return after a few weeks or months. It’s generally not a good idea to get more than 3 to 4 injections per year due to the hazards of long-term steroid use.